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Neurochemical signs of astrocytic and neuronal injury in acute COVID-19 normalizes during long-term follow-up

Paper Title:

Neurochemical signs of astrocytic and neuronal injury in acute COVID-19 normalizes during long-term follow-up

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Abstract

Abstract Background Neurologic manifestations are well-recognized features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the longitudinal association of biomarkers reflecting CNS impact and neurological symptoms is not known. We sought to determine whether plasma biomarkers of CNS injury were associated with neurologic sequelae after COVID-19. Methods Patients with confirmed acute COVID-19 were studied prospectively. Neurological symptoms were recorded during the acute phase of the disease and at six months follow-up, and blood samples were collected longitudinally. Healthy age-matched individuals were included as controls. We analysed plasma concentrations of neurofilament light-chain (NfL), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAp), and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15). Findings One hundred patients with mild ( n = 24), moderate ( n = 28), and severe ( n = 48) COVID-19 were followed for a median (IQR) of 225 (187–262) days. In the acute phase, patients with severe COVID-19 had higher concentrations of NfL than all other groups (all p

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