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Ultrabroadband Entangled Photons on a Nanophotonic Chip

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Ultrabroadband Entangled Photons on a Nanophotonic Chip

Abstract

The development of quantum technologies on nanophotonic platforms has seen momentous progress in the past decade. Despite that, a demonstration of time-frequency entanglement over a broad spectral width is still lacking. Here we present an efficient source of ultrabroadband entangled photon pairs on a periodically poled lithium niobate nanophotonic waveguide. Employing dispersion engineering, we demonstrate a record-high 100 THz (1.2 μm–2 μm) generation bandwidth with a high efficiency of 13 GHz/mW and excellent noise performance with the coincidence-to-accidental ratio exceeding 105. We also measure strong time-frequency entanglement with over 98% two-photon interference visibility.

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