The identified inhibitors for open data sharing mostly relate to legislation and regulation, facilitating conditions, and expected performance, in the sense that openly sharing research data can lead to worse performance
Most drivers for openly sharing research data are related to personal and intrinsic motivations
The authors used Wikipedia to formulate knowledge on growing networks of articles and their hyperlinked inter-relations
This paper demonstrates that scientific concept networks grow not by expanding from their core but rather by creating and filling knowledge gaps, a process which produces discoveries that are more frequently awarded Nobel prizes than others
This study tracked a selection of animal study protocols approved in the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands, to assess whether these have led to a publication with a follow-up period of 7 years
The authors believe the data in this study underline the need for preclinical preregistration, in view of the risk of reporting and publication bias in preclinical research
The findings show that across all dimensions of NIH’s official rubric there was low agreement among reviewers in their judgments of scientific merit
This study investigated the degree of agreement by leveraging data from a recent experiment with 412 scientists. Each of these scientists acted as primary reviewers for three of 48 NIH R01 grant proposals, half of which had been funded and half unfunded
The authors state their analyses suggest that for high-quality applications, this ranking process has a large random component, since reviewers disagree about how the number of weaknesses and the numeric rating are related to each other.
The results showed that different reviewers assigned different preliminary ratings and listed different numbers of strengths and weaknesses for the same applications
This study investigates the extent and type of scientific research 1918–2019 which was supported by the alcohol industry, including alcohol companies themselves and other organizations, such as trade associations
The analysis included 13 481 unique records, 11 014 (82%) were authored or funded by alcohol companies and 2488 (18%) were authored or funded by other organizations
This study identified factors related to mentorship that influence the academic success of postdoctoral trainees in biomedical research. Limited data in other life science leaves uncertain correlations and remains to be investigated.
The objective was to uncover how patterns in the network of mentors and protégés shape their academic success.
Metrics used but not limited to: academic proliferation (the number of progeny trained by a
mentor, sometimes termed academic fecundity), publication and citation rates, funding levels, attrition rate, and scientific proficiency.
Prediction accuracy further increased with access to the statistical evidence obtained in the original studies
The authors obtained data from 257 participants, who were recruited from the online platform Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk; n = 83), the online participant pool of first-year psychology students at the University of Amsterdam (n = 138), and social-media platforms such as Facebook (n = 36)
The next President should issue an Executive Order (EO) requiring each federal agency that directly supports scientific research and development to develop and implement an Open Science Data Policy.
This is a policy/advocacy piece (not research) which argues that maximizing the value of taxpayer-funded research means making the results of—and the underlying data from—that research openly available, discoverable, and usable. Public access to scientific data and results fuels innovation and creates jobs.