This study investigates the extent and type of scientific research 1918–2019 which was supported by the alcohol industry, including alcohol companies themselves and other organizations, such as trade associations
The analysis included 13 481 unique records, 11 014 (82%) were authored or funded by alcohol companies and 2488 (18%) were authored or funded by other organizations
Prediction accuracy further increased with access to the statistical evidence obtained in the original studies
The authors obtained data from 257 participants, who were recruited from the online platform Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk; n = 83), the online participant pool of first-year psychology students at the University of Amsterdam (n = 138), and social-media platforms such as Facebook (n = 36)
The next President should issue an Executive Order (EO) requiring each federal agency that directly supports scientific research and development to develop and implement an Open Science Data Policy.
This is a policy/advocacy piece (not research) which argues that maximizing the value of taxpayer-funded research means making the results of—and the underlying data from—that research openly available, discoverable, and usable. Public access to scientific data and results fuels innovation and creates jobs.
During the data collection process, the authors encountered almost 900 inactive OA journals that were still accessible at the time of our study but at high risk for vanishing in the near future
This study found that 176 open-access journals that have vanished from the web. Journals that were affiliated with academic institutions or scholarly societies, located in North America, or that published social sciences and humanities research, represent a larger share of vanished journals compared to other types
The key finding was that the 'research environment', such as whether the supervisor was in a research centre or institute and the research experience of the supervision team, were most significant predictors of, with the largest effect sizes for, student outcomes
Students were more than two times more likely to withdraw from their PhD when the supervisory team did not achieve maximum score or a scholarship was not awarded
Some acronyms are useful and are widely understood, but many of the acronyms used in scientific papers hinder understanding and contribute to the increasing fragmentation of science. Here we report the results of an analysis of more than 24 million article titles and 18 million article abstracts published between 1950 and 2019. There was at least one acronym in 19% of the titles and 73% of the abstracts. Acronym use has also increased over time, but the re-use of acronyms has declined. We found that from more than one million unique acronyms in our data, just over 2,000 (0.2%) were used regularly, and most acronyms (79%) appeared fewer than 10 times. Acronyms are not the biggest current problem in science communication, but reducing their use is a simple change that would help readers and potentially increase the value of science.