The results suggest that reduced HRV is likely to be implicated in the risk of developing full-blown depression, rather than being a mere correlate of current depressive state
Self-reported psychological measures and three-minute resting-state ECG were collected in two at-risk populations [group with dysphoria (n = 27), group with past depression (n = 16)] and in a control group (n = 25)
MSCs-EVs treatment significantly restored a normal social pattern in these mice, as shown in a heat map representation of the time spent exploring the chambers and by quantitative measurement of that activity
The intranasal route for administration of drugs is especially advantageous for CNS access, convenient to use and can improve patient compliance. Another advantage of using MSCs-EVs is their ability to migrate to the site of injury, demonstrated in studies done by our research group and by others
These finding provides insight on the dynamic and adaptive properties of speech processing in the human auditory cortex that enables a listener to suppress the deleterious effects of environmental noise and focus on the foreground sound in order to make speech a reliable means of communication.
Results include: neural adaptation to changing background condition, suppression of the representation of noise features, adaptation enhances to phonetic distinctions, adaptation magnitude variation in neural sites, lack of significant influence on adaptation from attentional focus, and examination of spatial organization of adaptation patterns.
Rodent models of ASDs and addiction obviously lack the nuance and specificity of the clinical condition, but some interesting similarities in repetitive behavioral patterns seem to suggest common striatal circuitry may be affected in both disorders
Given this established link between addiction and D1-medium spiny neuron in the nucleus accumbens, it is interesting that recent reports linked these same cells to social behavior in wild-type mice, as well as repetitive behavior in mice carrying ASD-associated mutations
The authors conclude that neuroscience is held back by the fact that it is hard to evaluate if a conclusion is correct; the complexity of the systems under study and their experimental inaccessibility make the assessment of algorithmic and data analytic techniques challenging at best
Within this paper, the authors apply the various techniques that are currently used in neuroscience we will ask how the analyses bring us closer to an understanding of the microprocessor in an attempt to understand how it controls three classic videogames
The authors believe these findings indicate that ADHD may be misdiagnosed in these younger children and is possibly more representative of a natural lack of maturity compared to the average student in their classroom
It is clear that it is the norm internationally for the youngest children in a classroom to be at increased risk of being diagnosed with and medicated for ADHD, even in jurisdictions with relatively low prescribing rates
Explanation of results at the neural level are dependent on the higher-level vocabulary obtained from behavior studies. Lower levels of explanation does not "explain away" higher levels (does not mean understanding).
Lately, neuroscience has been focused on data driven recordings in circuits due to technology and techniques that allow for causal manipulation and rapid acquisition of big data. Whereas behaviorally driven neuroscience has been largely neglected.
This study identified factors related to mentorship that influence the academic success of postdoctoral trainees in biomedical research. Limited data in other life science leaves uncertain correlations and remains to be investigated.
The objective was to uncover how patterns in the network of mentors and protégés shape their academic success.
Metrics used but not limited to: academic proliferation (the number of progeny trained by a
mentor, sometimes termed academic fecundity), publication and citation rates, funding levels, attrition rate, and scientific proficiency.