These variable groupings constitute behavioral phenotypes that could provide a framework for selecting target populations of behavioral interventions
This is a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. In the paper the authors demonstrated that baseline demographic, behavioral and psychological characteristics identified groups of participants with behavioral phenotypes that had differential response to the physical activity interventions
The aim of this study was to learn more about the ways that 27 elite professional football players in an English Premier League club use scanning in competitive matches, the conditions under which this behavior is exhibited, and the relationships between these behaviors and performance
The results show a positive, albeit small, relationship between scanning and pass completion, suggesting that scanning can play a positive role for pass completion.
Carola Salvi, Emanuela Bricolo, Steven L. Franconeri, John Kounios, Mark Beeman
Published: Dec 2015
Shutting down the visual input can occur on the brain level (increased alpha-frequency activity over the visual cortex found in previous studies) if participants are unable to look away or close their eyes.
Prior to solving creative problems people tend to look away from the problem and blink more.
This is a preregistered replication of the authors' prior work focused on how pairing items in visual statistical learning an increase working memory with minor differences (removing an explicit recognition phase)
This study intends to investigate the transfer of learning from one task to another
High-level construals are used to represent remote objects and low-level construals are used for proximal objects. If one thinks of a person who lived a long time ago (remote in time), they are more likely to assume that this person is also in a place far away, etc.
Psychological distance has many overlapping manifestations - an object or an event can be close to you or far away from you in terms of time, space, social closeness, etc.
The authors conclude there is an interaction of conscious and unconscious processing is possible by means of competition for cognitive resources (Intelligent Distributive Agent), which is supported by their empirical data
The results show that insight problem solving and the implicit probe task compete for the cognitive resources of working memory