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Trending Papers in psychology

Sensor-measured sedentariness and physical activity are differentially related to fluid and crystallized abilities in aging.
From Paper: APA PsycNet
Published: Oct 2020
  • Those spending more time sedentary performed better on vocabulary knowledge and reasoning tasks.
  • Time spent daily in moderate to vigorous PA is positively related with fluid abilities (perceptual speed and reasoning).
Submitted by Anton Lebed
A placebo decreases objective biomarkers of emotional distress, even when the subjects know the placebo is not a real treatment
From Paper: Placebos without deception reduce self-report and neural measures of emotional distress
Published: Jul 2020
  • The results demonstrate an objective non-deceptive placebo effect on a neural biomarker that is relevant for emotion regulation and conditions characterized by emotional distress
  • This study examines whether non-deceptive placebos can reduce self-reported measures and objective biological markers in a context that is responsive to deceptive placebo effects: emotional distress
Submitted by Patrick Joyce
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The Dunning-Kruger effect is (mostly) a statistical artefact: Valid approaches to testing the hypothesis with individual differences data
Gilles E. Gignac, Marcin Zajenkowski
Published: May 2020
  • Failed to identify the Dunning-Kruger effect with IQ data and both valid tests.
  • Nonlinear regression is argued to be a valid test of the Dunning-Kruger hypothesis.
Submitted by Anton Lebed
A person's personality influences what types of exercise will be most successful for weight loss
From Paper: Association between behavioral phenotypes and response to a physical activity intervention using gamification and social incentives: Secondary analysis of the STEP UP randomized clinical trial
Published: Oct 2020
  • These variable groupings constitute behavioral phenotypes that could provide a framework for selecting target populations of behavioral interventions
  • This is a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. In the paper the authors demonstrated that baseline demographic, behavioral and psychological characteristics identified groups of participants with behavioral phenotypes that had differential response to the physical activity interventions
Submitted by Will McBurnie
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Visually scanning the field impacts the performance of English Premier League footballers
From Paper: Scanning, Contextual Factors, and Association With Performance in English Premier League Footballers: An Investigation Across a Season
Published: Oct 2020
  • The aim of this study was to learn more about the ways that 27 elite professional football players in an English Premier League club use scanning in competitive matches, the conditions under which this behavior is exhibited, and the relationships between these behaviors and performance
  • The results show a positive, albeit small, relationship between scanning and pass completion, suggesting that scanning can play a positive role for pass completion.
Submitted by Patrick Joyce
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Sudden insight is associated with shutting out visual inputs
Carola Salvi, Emanuela Bricolo, Steven L. Franconeri, John Kounios, Mark Beeman
Published: Dec 2015
  • Shutting down the visual input can occur on the brain level (increased alpha-frequency activity over the visual cortex found in previous studies) if participants are unable to look away or close their eyes.
  • Prior to solving creative problems people tend to look away from the problem and blink more.
Submitted by Anton Lebed
Psychological Visual memory study
From Paper: Visual Statistical Learning Representations Transfer to Visual Working memory
  • This is a preregistered replication of the authors' prior work focused on how pairing items in visual statistical learning an increase working memory with minor differences (removing an explicit recognition phase)
  • This study intends to investigate the transfer of learning from one task to another
Submitted by Gregory Wade
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Construal-level theory of psychological distance
Yaacov Trope, Nira Liberman
Published: Apr 2010
  • High-level construals are used to represent remote objects and low-level construals are used for proximal objects. If one thinks of a person who lived a long time ago (remote in time), they are more likely to assume that this person is also in a place far away, etc.
  • Psychological distance has many overlapping manifestations - an object or an event can be close to you or far away from you in terms of time, space, social closeness, etc.
Submitted by Anton Lebed
Insight solutions are correct more often than analytic solutions
C. Salvi, E. Bricolo, J. Kounios, E. Bowden, M. Beeman
Published: Feb 2016
  • Analytic solutions feature relatively more incorrect attempts vs. no answer trials, compared to the proportion found in insight trials.
  • Insight solutions emerge into consciousness when they are relatively full-fledged, while analytic solutions can be extracted while still "half-baked".
Retrieved from semantic_scholar
Exploring the unconscious nature of insight
From Paper: Журнал_3_2017_цветной.indd
Published: Oct 2017
  • The authors conclude there is an interaction of conscious and unconscious processing is possible by means of competition for cognitive resources (Intelligent Distributive Agent), which is supported by their empirical data
  • The results show that insight problem solving and the implicit probe task compete for the cognitive resources of working memory
Submitted by Patrick Joyce
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